HPLC Method for Analysis of Clotrimazole, Benzyl alcohol, Ethylparaben on Primesep 200 by SIELC Technologies
High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) Method for Analysis of Clotrimazole, Benzyl alcohol, Ethylparaben
Clotrimazole is an antifungal medication widely used in the treatment of fungal infections.
- Classification: Clotrimazole belongs to the class of medications called imidazole antifungals.
- Topical: It’s commonly used to treat skin infections such as athlete’s foot, jock itch, ringworm, and other fungal skin infections (candidiasis).
- Vaginal: As a vaginal cream or tablet, it’s used to treat vaginal yeast infections.
- Otic (Ear): Clotrimazole solution can be used to treat fungal ear infections.
Mechanism of Action:
- Clotrimazole works by inhibiting the synthesis of ergosterol, a vital component of fungal cell membranes. When ergosterol synthesis is inhibited, it leads to structural and functional impairment of the fungal cell membrane, thereby killing the fungus or inhibiting its growth.
Clotrimazole belongs to the class of chemical compounds known as imidazoles. Specifically, it’s an antifungal compound used to treat fungal infections. Imidazoles work by inhibiting the enzyme lanosterol 14α-demethylase, which is necessary for the synthesis of ergosterol, an essential component of fungal cell membranes. When ergosterol synthesis is disrupted, it leads to alterations in the cell membrane’s permeability and, eventually, fungal cell death.
Other antifungal agents in the imidazole class include miconazole, econazole, and ketoconazole, among others. These are commonly used in various formulations to treat a range of fungal infections, including athlete’s foot, ringworm, and yeast infections.
Clotrimazole can be retained, and analyzed on a Primesep 200 mixed-mode stationary phase column using an isocratic analytical method with a simple mobile phase of water, Acetonitrile (MeCN), and a sulfuric acid as a buffer. This analysis method can be detected in the UV 200 nm.
|Column||Primesep 200, 4.6 x 150 mm, 5 µm, 100 A|
|Mobile Phase||Gradient MeCN – 40-90%, 10 min|
|Buffer||H2SO4 – 0.2%|
|Flow Rate||1.0 ml/min|
|Detection||UV, 200 nm|